Download video: Holy sensation on the bank of river Varanasi Ganges
Channel: Akanksha Agarwal
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The day on which the sun begins its journey northwards is referred to as Makara Sankranti. According to Hindus this takes place on the 14th January. This is due to the movement of the Earth with regards to the Sun. This festival is based on the Sun and not on the Moon like all others and for this reason the dates are for the English Calendar.
Hindu calendars is a lunar calendar, so on this exception to this Makar Sankrati is calculated according to solar movements and always takes place on the fourteenth on the first month of the year, which is January. This marks the suns journey to the northern hemisphere. The days are gradually lengthening in the northern hemisphere. For the people of the northern
hemisphere, the northward path of the sun marks the period when the sun is getting closer and closer to them, when the days are getting longer, and it is becoming warmer and warmer. Makar Sankranti is one of the most auspicious days for the Hindus, and is celebrated in almost all parts of the country in myriad cultural forms, with great devotion, fervor & gaiety. The Indo Gangetic plain begins this day with taking dips in the Ganga and offering water to the Sun god.