Phonological awareness, phonemic awareness, and phonics

Channel: Peggy Semingson


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This video shares basic information about some terminology surrounding the teaching of emergent and beginning reading. It focuses on the definitions and distinctions between phonological awareness, phonemic awareness, and phonics.

In a nutshell:

Phonological awareness is the broader awareness of sound and is auditory.

Phonemic awareness is the awareness of the smallest units of sound in a word and the ability to segment, blend, isolate, and manipulate those smallest individual units of sound. It is auditory.

Phonics is the relationship between phonemes and graphemes. It is learning the rules and patterns of the letter-sound relationship.